Andrea Palladio (1508-1580) was an Italian Renaissance architect. The city of Vicenza (Veneto, Italy) with its 23 buildings designed by Palladio and 24 Palladian villas are listed by UNESCO a World Heritage site. He wrote the book The Four Books on Architecture, published in Venice in 1570. Palladio was influenced by Roman and Greek Architecture, primarily by Vitruvius (80 BC – 15 BC). He is well known in the past by applying Golden Ratio in Architecture, especially in length/width ratio and he made the Theory of proportions in Architecture.
The Golden Ratio is strongly connect with Fibonacci numbers and has applied in the Nature, but also in mathematics, geometry, art and architecture. It is a special number approximately equal to 1.618. The Golden Angle is that proportion in the circle. It is one of the optimal angles for light capture and Phyllotaxis and has influence to Biophilia and Biophilic Design.
Nenad Miloradovic, the author of Neolepenism architecture visited the city of Vicenza in Jun of 2018. He spent a few days for introduce to his work. It was visited Palladio’s museum, Basilica Palladiana, Theatro Olympico, Villa Rotonda and Corso Palladio.
Neolepenism is a new, internationally copyrighted type of energy efficient architecture with roots in the prehistoric culture of Lepenski Vir. The author has previously presented a model of a small family house of neolepenism with a flat roof and wrote about the energy efficiency of the prehistoric architecture of Lepenski Vir, whose positive experiences he improved and optimized. In this way, such a new architecture, especially in combination with solar district heating, could have a positive impact on global warming and climate change as a passive means of protection.
Buildings are the biggest consumers of energy. The architecture of neolepenism could significantly contribute to the reduction of heat losses (in winter) or gains (during the summer season), reducing greenhouse gas emissions and saving building materials and thermal insulation, primarily with its compact shape. Energy savings during the exploitation of such buildings, as well as energy savings for the production of applied materials during the construction of new buildings are significant and thus could significantly contribute to decarbonization throughout the life cycle of the building. Decarbonization would be achieved by not emitting greenhouse gas emissions due to reduced energy consumption for heating/cooling and the use of solar energy as a source of thermal energy.
Solar district heating/cooling is the most favorable heat source in terms of decarbonization, although it has its drawbacks. However, it should be used as much as possible. Facilities with low energy consumption and the required low temperature modes have a favorable effect on the operation of the heat source or heating plant in terms of decarbonization because they allow greater use of solar district heating. If the installed capacity of individual facilities with low energy consumption is not large enough for connection, such facilities can be grouped and connected by a secondary heat pipeline from a common heat substation that would have sufficient installed capacity for connection. Such thermal substations can deliver thermal energy for both heating and domestic hot water, and the use of district cooling can be considered. The flat roofs of neolepenism architecture in this case allow the construction of green roofs.
All of the above represents the application of new green technologies whose harmonious application would significantly contribute to solving the problem of decarbonization. Living space design can be one of the strategies for designing low-energy and passive buildings. Urban planning, neolepenism architecture, water surface heating/cooling systems and solar district heating/cooling can represent a harmonious energy chain of energy production and consumption, which could be centrally managed so that the least greenhouse gases are emitted into the atmosphere.
Poslovno udruženje toplana Srbije TOPS održalo je 19. susrete toplana Srbije u okviru kojih je bila naučno-stručna konferencija TOPS 2021. Mesto održavanja konfrencije je bio hotel “Palisad” na Zlatiboru, Srbija. Konferencija je održana 18.6.2021. Na toj konferenciji, čija je glavna tema bila dekarbonizacija, predstavio je svoju prezentaciju Nenad B. Miloradović kao predstavnik JKP “Beogradske elektrane”. Tema njegove prezentacije je “Solarno daljinsko grejanje i arhitektura neolepenizma – sprega za uspešnu dekarbonizaciju”.
Fotografije sa prezentacija dostupne su na sledećem linku:
This paper presents the case study of the authors’ design of the earth-sheltered house in Village Dobraca near Kragujevac, Serbia, in the context of development and some thermal properties of the underground housing. The historical insight, in brief, provides a better understanding of the reasons for their modern use as energy efficient and sustainable structures. It shows that underground houses even today are more thermally efficient than above ground houses since, besides earth, there is no need for new additional thermal layers. The article also includes a review of the representative physical forms of the underground housing through different periods, with the result of measurement of their main properties. The study of the underground housing structures provides an insight of the relation between the location and typology of underground homes in a contest of climate zones. These structures have an almost constant temperature, which provides the primary “comfort” condition in which the man is determined to live in. The results on property-based monitoring data showed that the earth-sheltered house could provide the thermal comfort that is close to the ideal human needs temperature. Today, the new materials and especially the solar, geothermal, and wind accessories, enables the maximum sustainability of these specific building structures and provides them with an even better energy efficiency.
The selection for the presentations of the “architecture of the future” on the Future Architecture platform is underway. I applied for this competition with my idea of a type of house that represents a new green technology with roots in prehistory (so-called neolepenism). Applications have been sent from all over the world and 25 ideas will be selected to be presented, including one by the audience. You can vote on the link bellow, if you like this idea, by clicking the “I like it” button at the end of page. The post can be shared on some social networks, and below the voting button there is a link where you can see other submitted ideas, for those who are interested. Voting lasts until noon UTC on January 14th.
Prof. PhD Aleksandra Stupar, University of Belgrade – Faculty of Architecture (STRAND Scientific Board): “(…) Novel approaches, methods and materials, along with futuristic scenarios grounded on both past and present trials, guide our 2020 virtual tour towards more sustainable, articulated and just tomorrow which we eagerly wait to be materialized.”